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First successful ascent by Tenzing and Hillary

In 1953, a ninth British expedition, led by John Hunt, returned to Nepal. Hunt selected two climbing pairs to attempt to reach the summit. The first pair (Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans) came within 100 m (300 feet) of the summit on 26 May 1953, but turned back after running into oxygen problems. As planned, their work in route finding and breaking trail and their caches of extra oxygen were of great aid to the following pair. Two days later, the expedition made its second and final assault on the summit with its second climbing pair, the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepali sherpa climber from Darjeeling, India. They reached the summit at 11:30 am local time on 29 May 1953 via the South Col Route. At the time, both acknowledged it as a team effort by the whole expedition, but Tenzing revealed a few years later that Hillary had put his foot on the summit first. They paused at the summit to take photographs and buried a few sweets and a small cross in the snow before descending.

News of the expedition's success reached London on the morning of Queen Elizabeth II's coronation, 2 June. Returning to Kathmandu a few days later, Hunt (a Briton) and Hillary (a New Zealander) discovered that they had been promptly knighted in the Order of the British Empire, a KBE, for the ascent. Tenzing, a Nepali sherpa who was a citizen of India, was granted the George Medal by the UK. Hunt was ultimately made a life peer in Britain, while Hillary became a founding member of the Order of New Zealand. Hillary and Tenzing are also nationally recognized in Nepal, where annual ceremonies in schools and offices celebrate their accomplishment.


List of successful climbers in chronological order starting from 1953 to 1992 Spring on the summit of Everest.
Name Summit Day Route
Phu Dorje Sherpa (Khumjung) May 29, 1965 S Col-SE Ridge
Chotare Sherpa (Namche Bazar) May 12, 1970 S Col-SE Ridge
Sonam Gyaltzen Sherpa (Bagam) May 7, 1973 S Col-SE Ridge
Sonam Gyaltzen Sherpa (Bagam) May 16, 1975 S Col-SE Ridge
Pertemba Sherpa (Khumjung) Sep 26, 1975 SW Face
Pemba Nurbu/Norbu Sherpa (Namche Bazar) Sep 15, 1977 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Phu Sherpa (Khumjung) May 3, 1978 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Dorje Sherpa (Thamo) Oct 16, 1978 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Kami Sherpa (Tsermadingma) Oct 16, 1978 S Col-SE Ridge
Mingma Nuru Sherpa (Khumjung) Oct 16, 1978 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Phu Sherpa (Khumjung) May 15, 1979 Lho La-W Ridge up; N Face-W Ridge down
Lhakpa Gyalzen/Gyalu Sherpa (Phortse) Oct 1, 1979 S Col-SE Ridge
Pertemba Sherpa (Khumjung) Oct 1, 1979 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Jangbu (Jambu) Sherpa (Pangboche) Oct 2, 1979 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Phurba Sherpa (Namche Bazar) Oct 2, 1979 S Col-SE Ridge
Sungdare Sherpa (Pangboche) Oct 2, 1979 S Col-SE Ridge
Pasang Temba Sherpa (Ghat) May 14, 1980 S Col-SE Ridge
Sungdare Sherpa (Pangboche) Oct 21, 1981 S Pillar-SE Ridge
Young/Yong Tenzing Sherpa (Namche Bazar) Oct 24, 1981 S Pillar-SE Ridge
Lhakpa Dorje Sherpa (Khunde) Oct 5, 1982 S Col-SE Ridge
Sungdare Sherpa (Pangboche) Oct 5, 1982 S Col-SE Ridge
Lhakpa Tshering Sherpa (Khunde) Oct 7, 1982 S Col-SE Ridge
Pema Dorje Sherpa (Khumjung) Oct 7, 1982 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Rita Sherpa (Yilajung) May 7, 1983 S Col-SE Ridge
Lhakpa Dorje Sherpa (Phortse) May 14, 1983 S Col-SE Ridge
Nawang Yonden Sherpa (Beding) Dec 16, 1983 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Dorje Sherpa (Thamo) May 23, 1984 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Rita Sherpa (Yilajung) Oct 15, 1984 S Pillar up; SE Ridge-S Col down
Dawa Norbu Sherpa (Yilajung) Apr 21, 1985 S Col-SE Ridge
Lhakpa Dorje (Ang Lhakpa) Sherpa (Khunde) Apr 21, 1985 S Col-SE Ridge
Pertemba Sherpa (Khumjung) Apr 21, 1985 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Rita Sherpa (Yilajung) Apr 29, 1985 S Col-SE Ridge
Chowang Rinzi Sherpa (Namche Bazar) Apr 29, 1985 S Col-SE Ridge
Pema Dorje Sherpa (Khumjung) Apr 29, 1985 S Col-SE Ridge
Sungdare Sherpa (Pangboche) Apr 29, 1985 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Phurba Sherpa (Thami) Apr 30, 1985 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Karma Sherpa (Dhorphu) Aug 28, 1985 N Col-N Face/N Ridge
Narayan Kumar Shrestha Aug 28, 1985 N Col-N Face/N Ridge
Ang Rita Sherpa (Yilajung) Dec 22, 1987 S Col-SE Ridge
Lhakpa Nuru (Ang Lhakpa) Sherpa (Khunde) May 5, 1988 N Col-N Ridge up, SE Ridge-S Col down
Lhakpa Sona Sherpa (Phortse) May 5, 1988 N Col-N Ridge
Ang Phurba Sherpa (Thami) May 5, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge up, N Ridge-N Col down
Sungdare Sherpa (Pangboche) May 10, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Padam Bahadur Tamang May 10, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Ajiwa Sherpa (Thami) Sep 26, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Pasang Tshering/Tshiring Sherpa (Beding) Sep 26, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Sonam Tshering Sherpa (Beding) Sep 26, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Pema Dorje Sherpa (Khumjung) Sep 26, 1988 S Pillar-SE Ridge
Pasang Gyalgen Sherpa (Thumbuk) Sep 29, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Dawa Tshering Sherpa (Gumela) Oct 2, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Nima Tashi Sherpa (Pangboche) Oct 2, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Phu Dorje Sherpa (Pangboche) Oct 2, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Lhakpa Sonam Sherpa (Makalu-Barun) Oct 13, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Rita Sherpa (Yilajung) Oct 14, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Nima Rita Sherpa (Thami) Oct 14, 1988 S Col-SE Ridge
Ajiwa Sherpa (Thami) May 10, 1989 S Col-SE Ridge
Sonam Tshering Sherpa (Beding) May 10, 1989 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Danu Sherpa (Khunde) May 16, 1989 S Col-SE Ridge
Phu Dorje Sherpa (Pangboche) May 16, 1989 S Col-SE Ridge
Lhakpa Nuru (Ang Lhakpa) Sherpa (Khunde) May 24, 1989 S Col-SE Ridge
Sona Dendu (Sonam Dendu) Sherpa (Khumjung) May 24, 1989 S Col-SE Ridge
Chuldim (Chuldim Dorje) Sherpa (Khumjung) Oct 13, 1989 S Col-SE Ridge
Tchiring Chumbi (Tchiring Thebe) Sherpa (Nupri) Oct 13, 1989 S Col-SE Ridge
Nima Rita Sherpa (Thami) Oct 23, 1989 Lho La-W Ridge from S
Nuru Jangbu Sherpa (Ghat) Oct 23, 1989 Lho La-W Ridge from S
Top Bahadur Khatri Apr 23, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Kami Sherpa (Tsermadingma) Apr 23, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Rita Sherpa (Yilajung) Apr 23, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Pasang Norbu/Nurbu Sherpa (Namche Bazar) Apr 23, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Jangbu Sherpa (Phortse) May 10, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Da Nuru (Dawa Nuru/Norbu) Sherpa (Phortse) May 10, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Nima Tashi Sherpa (Pangboche) May 10, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Apa (Appa) Sherpa (Thami Og) May 10, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Temba Sherpa (Beding) Oct 5, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Nawang Thile (Pemba Dorje) Sherpa (Beding) Oct 5, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Sona Dendu (Sonam Dendu) Sherpa (Khumjung) Oct 5, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Dawa Sange Sherpa (Ghat) Oct 6, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Pemba Dorje Sherpa (Pangboche) Oct 6, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Babu Chiri (Babu Tshering) Sherpa (Taksindu) Oct 6, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Nima Dorje (Dorje) Sherpa (Beding) Oct 7, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Phurba Sherpa (I) (Beding) Oct 7, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Phinzo Sherpa (Beding) Oct 7, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Lhakpa Rita Sherpa (Thami) Oct 7, 1990 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Temba Sherpa (Khunde) May 8, 1991 S Col-SE Ridge
Apa (Appa) Sherpa (Thami Og) May 8, 1991 S Col-SE Ridge
Sona Dendu (Sonam Dendu) Sherpa (Khumjung) May 8, 1991 S Col-SE Ridge
Ang Dawa Sherpa (Lumsa) May 15, 1991 N Col-N Ridge-N Face
Lhakpa Dorje Sherpa (Khunde) May 15, 1991 N Col-N Ridge-N Face
Gyalbu Sherpa (Beding) May 15, 1991 N Face (Japanese & Hornbein Couloirs)
Mingma Norbu/Nuru Sherpa (Beding) May 15, 1991 N Face (Japanese & Hornbein Couloirs)
Babu Chiri (Babu Tshering) Sherpa (Taksindu) May 22, 1991 N Col-N Ridge-N Face
Chuldin Temba (Chuldim) Sherpa (Zarok) May 22, 1991 N Col-N Ridge-N Face
Nima Dorje (Dorje) Sherpa (Beding) May 27, 1991 N Col-N Ridge-N Face
Phinzo Norbu (Phinzo) Sherpa (Beding) May 27, 1991 N Col-N Ridge-N Face
Ang Dawa Sherpa (Lumsa) May 12, 1992 S Col-SE Ridge
Apa (Appa) Sherpa (Thami Og) May 12, 1992 S Col-SE Ridge
Chuldim Dorje (Ang Dorje) Sherpa (Pangboche) May 12, 1992 S Col-SE Ridge
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